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使用远程桌面服务部署 Office 365 专业增强版Deploy Office 365 ProPlus by using Remote Desktop Services

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如果使用远程桌面服务 (RDS) 将共享计算机提供给组织中的用户,可以在这些计算机上安装 Office 365 专业增强版。但是,必须使用 Office 部署工具并启用共享计算机激活才能执行此安装。If you use Remote Desktop Services (RDS) to provide shared computers to users in your organization, you can install Office 365 ProPlus on those computers. But, you have to use the Office Deployment Tool and enable shared computer activation to do the installation.

下面是两种常见的 RDS 方案:The following are two common RDS scenarios:

开始操作前需要具备的条件What you need to get started

下面列出了将 Office 365 专业增强版与 RDS 一起部署所需的必备组件:The following is a list of prerequisites that you need to deploy Office 365 ProPlus with RDS:

备注

你还可以使用 RDS 来部署 Project Online 桌面客户端或 Visio Online 计划 2(以前称为 Visio Pro for Office 365),前提是具有包含这些产品的订阅计划。You also can use RDS to deploy Project Online Desktop Client or Visio Online Plan 2 (previously named Visio Pro for Office 365), if you have a subscription plan that includes those products.
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  • The Office Deployment Tool, which is available on the Microsoft Download Center.The Office Deployment Tool, which is available on the Microsoft Download Center. You can download the Office 365 ProPlus software to your local network by using the Office Deployment Tool.You can download the Office 365 ProPlus software to your local network by using the Office Deployment Tool.

  • Office 365 专业增强版任何受支持的版本。Any supported version of Office 365 ProPlus.

  • 受支持的 RDS 或 Windows 与 Office 365 ProPlus,其中包括以下任一版本:A supported version of RDS or Windows with Office 365 ProPlus, which includes any of the following:

    • Windows 8.1Windows 8.1
    • Windows Server 2016Windows Server 2016
    • 当前支持 Windows 10 SAC 发行版Currently supported Windows 10 SAC release
  • 共享计算机和 Internet 之间的可靠连接。Reliable connectivity between the shared computer and the Internet.

这是必要条件,因为共享计算机必须能够在 Internet 上联系 Office 许可服务,以便为计算机上使用 Office 365 专业增强版的每个用户获取许可证,然后激活 Office 365 专业增强版。此外还需要连接 Internet 才能每隔几天更新一次许可证。This is required because the shared computer must be able to contact the Office Licensing Service on the Internet to obtain a license for each user who uses Office 365 ProPlus on the computer and then activate Office 365 ProPlus. Internet connectivity is also needed to renew the license, which occurs every few days.

  • 登录到共享计算机的每个用户具有单独的用户帐户。A separate user account for each user who logs on to the shared computer.

  • 支持 Hyper-V 的服务器,前提是在共享的虚拟机上部署 Office 365 专业增强版。A server that supports Hyper-V if you’re deploying Office 365 ProPlus on a shared virtual machine.

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在 RDS 服务器上安装 Office 365 专业增强版Install Office 365 ProPlus on an RDS server

在此方案中,在配置为远程桌面会话主机服务器的计算机上安装 Office 365 专业增强版。这允许多个用户远程连接到此计算机。用户可以同时运行 Office 365 专业增强版程序,例如 Word 或 Excel。In this scenario, you install Office 365 ProPlus on a computer configured as a Remote Desktop Session Host server. This enables multiple users to connect remotely to this computer. The users can each run Office 365 ProPlus programs, such as Word or Excel, at the same time.

下面是在 RDS 服务器上安装 Office 365 专业增强版的基本步骤:Here are the basic steps of how to install Office 365 ProPlus on an RDS server:

  1. 安装和配置 Windows Server。Install and configure Windows Server.

  2. 安装和配置远程桌面会话主机角色服务。Install and configure the Remote Desktop Session Host role service.

例如,在 Windows Server 2008 R2 上按照这些步骤安装 RD 会话主机。For example, follow these steps to install RD Session Host on Windows Server 2008 R2.

为了使用户能够远程连接到服务器以使用 Office 365 专业增强版,其帐户必须为 RD 会话主机服务器上远程桌面用户组的成员。For users to be able to connect remotely to the server to use Office 365 ProPlus, their accounts must be members of the Remote Desktop Users group on the RD Session Host server.

  1. 创建 configuration.xml 文件,其中包含以下行:Create a configuration.xml file that includes the following lines:

    <Display Level="None" AcceptEULA="True" />

    <Property Name="SharedComputerLicensing" Value="1" />

将显示级别设置为“无”以执行 Office 365 专业增强版的无提示安装。这将阻止 Office 365 专业增强版尝试在安装期间激活。同时也意味着在安装过程中不会看到任何用户界面元素,例如安装进度或错误消息。You set the display level to “None” to do a silent installation of Office 365 ProPlus. This prevents Office 365 ProPlus from trying to activate during the installation. This also means that you won’t see any user interface elements during the installation, such as the progress of the installation or error messages.

使用 SharedComputerLicensing 设置来启用共享计算机激活,在共享计算机上使用 Office 365 专业增强版需执行此操作。You use the SharedComputerLicensing setting to enable shared computer activation, which is required to use Office 365 ProPlus on a shared computer.

  1. 使用 Office 部署工具和 configuration.xml 文件在 RD 会话主机服务器上安装 Office 365 专业增强版。Use the Office Deployment Tool and the configuration.xml file to install Office 365 ProPlus on the RD Session Host server.

此时,用户可以连接到 RD 会话主机服务器并使用 Office 365 专业增强版。用户可以使用 Windows 中可用的远程桌面连接来连接到服务器,或者使用其他远程桌面客户端进行连接。At this point, users can connect to the RD Session Host server and use Office 365 ProPlus. Users can connect to the server by using Remote Desktop Connection, which is available in Windows, or by using other Remote Desktop clients.

在共享虚拟机上安装 Office 365 专业增强版Install Office 365 ProPlus on a shared virtual machine

在此方案中,将 Office 365 专业增强版作为客户端操作系统映像的一部分安装,如一个运行 Windows 8.1 或 Windows 10 的映像。然后,使用 RDS 和 HYPER-V 基于该映像创建一组虚拟机。这些虚拟机可以由多个用户共享。在 RDS 中,这称为虚拟桌面池或池化虚拟桌面集合,具体取决于使用的 RDS 版本。In this scenario, you install Office 365 ProPlus as part of a client operating system image, such as one running Windows 8.1 or Windows 10. Then, you use RDS and Hyper-V to create a group of virtual machines based on that image. These virtual machines can be shared by multiple users. In RDS, this is known as either a virtual desktop pool or a pooled virtual desktop collection, depending on which version of RDS that you’re using.

备注

还可以使用 RDS 将虚拟机分配给特定用户。RDS 将其称为个人虚拟桌面。在此方案中,不使用共享计算机激活,因为虚拟机不在多个用户之间共享。You can also use RDS to assign a virtual machine to a specific user. RDS calls that a personal virtual desktop. In that scenario, you don’t use shared computer activation, because the virtual machine isn’t shared among multiple users.

下面是配置 RDS 以在共享虚拟机上部署 Office 365 专业增强版的基本步骤:Here are the basic steps of how to configure RDS to deploy Office 365 ProPlus on a shared virtual machine:

  1. 创建操作系统映像:Create the operating system image:

    <Property Name="SharedComputerLicensing" Value="1" />

  1. 安装和配置 Windows Server。Install and configure Windows Server.

  2. 安装和配置 RDS。Install and configure RDS.

例如,在 Windows Server 2008 R2 上按照这些步骤来部署虚拟桌面池。For example, follow these steps to deploy a virtual desktop pool on Windows Server 2008 R2.

完成所有 RDS 配置步骤后,用户可以连接到任何虚拟机并运行 Office 365 专业增强版。After you’ve completed all the RDS configuration steps, users can connect to any of the virtual machines and run Office 365 ProPlus.

Office 365 专业增强版的共享计算机激活概述Overview of shared computer activation for Office 365 ProPlus

排查 Office 365 专业增强版的共享计算机激活问题Troubleshoot issues with shared computer activation for Office 365 ProPlus

Windows Server 2008 R2 中的远程桌面服务Remote Desktop Services in Windows Server 2008 R2

远程桌面服务概述(Windows Server 2012 和 Windows Server 2012 R2)Remote Desktop Services Overview (Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2)